Rheumatoid Arthritis is the joint disease and is also called as long term immune disorder. It typically involves swallowing pain and warmness of joints. It mostly occurs in hands, wrists or ankles.Causes: – As the research states that linings is a membrane around the joints that is called synovia. In RA it destroys that membrane and if the synovia is being damaged, it can affect the cartilage and bones of the joints. Usually tendons and ligaments are used to hold the joints, but in Rheumatoid Arthritis, they are damaged which affects their shape and alignment. There are some causes of Rheumatoid Arthritis which includes.

  • Sex
  • Obesity
  • Genetics
  • Smoking
  • Age
  • Environment

Sex: – As per the surveys, researches and the doctors say that more women suffer from this condition than men.

Age: – This is also the cause of Rheumatoid Arthritis. It can happen in any age but research shows that it most commonly occurs in the middle age.

Genetics: – This is the cause of Rheumatoid Arthritis. If in patients, any family member like mother, siblings or other family members have this disease, they are more likely to get Rheumatoid Arthritis as well.

Smoking: – Tobacco smoking can increase the severity of the disease if there are already higher chances of getting Rheumatoid Arthritis from genes. Tobacco smoking can increase the severity day by day cause more damage to the joints as well.

Obesity: It is the most common cause in women especially some women are so overweight that can put stress on the joints which is the main cause of Rheumatoid Arthritis. It usually occurs in the stage of 55 or younger than that .Overweight is the main cause of Rheumatoid Arthritis in women specially.

Environmental factors: – It is also the cause for Rheumatoid Arthritis. Exposure to stuff like silica and asbestos can also increase the risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis in the body. The workers or people who are exposed to the dust are more likely to get many harmful diseases such as Rheumatoid Arthritis. Now doctors are in the search of something that could be declared as the starting process of Rheumatoid Arthritis but Genetic transformation is still thought to be the main cause for Rheumatoid Arthritis in the body.

Complication: – Rheumatoid Arthritis increase some complications likes.

  • Heart problems.
  • Lung diseases.
  • Lymphoma
  • Abnormal body.
  • Dry skin.
  • Infections
  • Osteoporosis

Dry Skin: – People that are suffering from Rheumatoid Arthritis can experience Sjogren’s syndrome, in this condition, the moisture of eyes and mouth decreases.

Osteoporosis: – It is the condition in which bones become so weak that can cause fracture. People use medicines to treat Rheumatoid Arthritis which may cause osteoporosis.

Infection: – The medicine used to treat Rheumatoid Arthritis can sometimes cause severe effects on immune system that can increase the risk of attacking some infection.

Hard problems: – Rheumatoid Arthritis can increase the risk of heart problems as it can harden and block the arteries that can cause heart attack and other severe problems.

Lung cancer: – People who are suffering from Rheumatoid Arthritis can have increased risk of inflammation of lungs tissues that can cause shortness of breath.

Lymphoma: – It can increase the risk of developing blood cancer in lymph system.

Abnormal body: – The people who are suffering from Rheumatoid Arthritis have higher proportion of fat to lean mass ratio as compared to the people who have normal body mass index.

Signs: – People who are suffering from Rheumatoid Arthritis can experience many signs other than related to the joints. About 40% people can experience these signs. These are non-joints symptoms including:

  • Skin
  • Eyes
  • Heart
  • Lungs
  • Slavery glands
  • Nerves tissue
  • Blood vessels
  • Bone marrow
  • Kidney

Symptoms (1): – In the early stages of Rheumatoid Arthritis, it may affect the small joints and these pain can be neglected easily. These joint includes the joint of toes, fingers and hand particularly. When the Rheumatoid Arthritis becomes severe, this will affect the other joints like ankles, wrist, hips, shoulder, knees, elbows etc.

In some rare cases symptoms will occur on both sides of the body and these symptoms include.

  • Swallowing of joints, warmness of joints and tenderness
  • Stiffness of joints that occurs mostly in the mornings.
  • Fatigue, fever or loss of appetite etc.

These all are the symptoms that can be suffered by Rheumatoid Arthritis patients.

Types: – There are three types of Rheumatoid Arthritis that are:-

Seropositive Rheumatoid Arthritis: – It is the type in which Rheumatoid Arthritis blood test is positive which means patients have antibodies which might attack the joint.

Seronegative Rheumatoid Arthritis: – It is the type in which blood test is negative but still contains the symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis.

JIA: – JIA refers to Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis it happens in people 17 years or younger than that. This is also known as JRA.

Treatment: – The treatment includes.

  • Medication
  • Home remedies.
  • Exercises
  • Dietary change.

Medication: – The medication use to improve Rheumatoid Arthritis and reduce inflammations are.

  • NAIDs
  • Corticosteroid
  • Acetaminophen

Home remedies (2): – There are many home remedies that will help to cure Rheumatoid Arthritis which are.

  • Ice bags.
  • Canes
  • Grab bag.
  • Hand derails.

Exercise: – It will help in decreasing stress on the joints, relaxes the muscles and to improve the motion of the joints. Exercise plays important role in decreasing the pain.

Diet: – Diet will also help to improve the condition. Diet in which omega 3 and vitamins A, B, C and D is involved such as.

  • Flex seeds.
  • Chia seeds.
  • Walnuts
  • Fish
  • Dark chocolate.
  • Pecans
  • Spinach
  • Artichokes
  • Kidney beans.

Surgery: – If medicine fails in reducing damage or healing the joints over the time, patients have to consult with the doctor they will suggest the surgery to keep the joints moving and recommend them options such as:

  • Tendon repair.
  • Joint fusion.
  • Total joint replacement.
  • Synovectomy


  1. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/rheumatoid-arthritis/symptoms-causes/syc-20353648
  2. https://www.healthline.com/health/rheumatoid-arthritis